Stella Tennant was born (1970-2020) in London, the youngest of 3 children to the Hon Tobias Tennant, son of 2nd Baron Glenconner, and Lady Emma Cavendish. Tennant rose to fame in the 1990s while mod­el­ling for Versace, Al­exander McQueen and other designers. Although she was the grand-daughter of a Duke, Tennant didn’t become one of…

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The first confirmed outbreak of sweating disease arrived in England in 1485, to­w­ards the end of the Wars of the Roses (1455–87). This led to spec­ul­ation that it may have been brought over from France by the French mercenaries used by Henry Tudor to win the English throne. Major ep­idemic waves followed in 1508, then 1517,…

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Thank you to History and Will. When the United States Industrial Alcohol Company/USIA decided to build a huge molasses tank, they put it smack in the mid­dle of Boston’s North End, a community made up largely of Italian immigrants in a densely populated neighbourhood.Pulling victims outSmithsonian21 people were killed on Commercial St in the North…

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New York’s prosperity before the Civil War was closely tied to slav­ery and the Cotton South. But it was only in the southern stat­es, where the economy was based on the plant­at­ion agriculture, that sl­av­ery was legal. Slavery had been ended in the nor­thern states where industrialisation did not require cheap labour. Thus the nor­th­ern…

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Uuden etsijät -hankkeen tuoreen näyttelyn avajaistapahtuma on torstaina 14.1.2021 Helsingissä Päivälehden museossa. Itse näyttely avautuu yleisölle rajoitusten vuoksi 1.2.2021. Näyttelyä on valmisteltu pitkään ja kiihkein suunnittelutyö ajoittui syksyyn 2020. ”Uuden ja salaperäisen edessä – kirjailijat ja esoteria modernisoituvassa Suomessa” avaa hankkeemme yhtä keskeistä juonnetta,...

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Wall St, immediately after the explosionWall St in New York was a global financial centre. In 1920 the stock market thrived and smart business lunches called. At noon on 16th Sept 1920 an ordinary man driving a horse-and-cart drove in, and stopped the animal with its heavy load of dynam­ite and iron weights. He was in…

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The two men shackled together,The Sacco-Vanzetti Affair: America on Trial, 2009by Moshik Tem­kin.Nicola Sacco (1891–1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (1888–1927) arr­iv­ed from It­aly in 1908 and settled in Boston, with its large im­m­igrant community that provided workers for manuf­act­uring ind­ust­r­ies. Sacco from Foggia was a shoe-maker; Van­zetti from Cun­eo sold fish. Each experienced prejudice against impoverished…

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Duke of Westminster and Coco Chanel, 1924I have been very interested in Coco Chanel’s unlikely path in this world, from neglected orphan to world famous designer. Now Anne De Courcy’s newest book Chanel's Riviera has focused on how the designer helped magnetise the Mediterranean playground from Monaco to St Tropez. Chanel’s lover since 1923, Bendor Duke…

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Charles Lindburgh and Amelia EarhartAmelia Earhart (1897-1937) was a Kansan who learned to love fly­ing while attending a Toronto air-show in WWI. She enjoyed flying lessons and set a women’s altitude record of 14,000’ in 1922, but wasn’t yet committed to a flying career. She studied health at Columbia Univ­ersity and then was a social…

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Portrait of Singer by Edward Harrison May, 1869Isaac Merritt Singer (1811-75) was the youngest child born in NY to German migrants. The parents divorced & abandoned the 8 children when Is­aac was only 12, so he left home with minimal education, took odd jobs at carnivals and formed a travelling troupe of repertory actors. After 9…

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By the early C19th, London had become the world’s largest city. To deal with concerns re preventing crime, Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel introduced the Met­ropolitan Police Act to Parliam­ent 1829. But people were afraid that the new police force would be used by the government to spy on them. So under the Act, the…

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 President Donald TrumpUnited States Capitol (above) and J. Edgar Hoover Building (below) GettyEarly Draft, Executive Order, Feb 2020Trump people were writing the Promoting Beautiful Federal Civic Architecture executive order for months. A White House official said polling showed a vast maj­or­ity of Amer­ic­ans prefer traditional designs. New construction should command respect by the general public who they…

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Red Cross medical dispatcher, 1914Red Cross Museum and ArchivesIn 1859, businessman Henry Dunant  from Switzerland was travelling in northern Italy when he witnessed the aftermath of a bloody battle between Franco-Sardinian and Austrian forces near the village of Solferino. The fighting had left c40,000 troops dead or injured, and neither the armies nor the locals were equipped to deal with the…

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City Square There were 3 main cities in the Trans Carpathian region. The Trans-Carpathian town of Uz­hor­od is now located in Western Ukraine. This beautiful city was the central hub for the regional railways system which departed for local provin­ces and to neigh­­­bouring Hungary and Slovenia. Khust is now located in Western Uk­raine, 3rd largest city in the county and…

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Eräänä harmaana joulukuun iltapäivänä istuin työpöytäni ääressä selaillen Kansallisgallerian kokoelmatietokantaa. Olin aloittelemassa uutta projektia, enkä oikein tiennyt, mitä edes etsin. Vieritin teoskuvia hajamielisesti ylös ja alas, kun yhtäkkiä jotain osui silmääni. Yhdestä maalauksesta minua kohti katsoi merkillinen androogyynihahmo. Kullanvaaleat hiukset reunustivat kalpeita, ovaalin muotoisia...

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Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was the grand­daughter of a British baron­et and the daughter of an influential iron-and-steel dynasty. She was only 3 when her mother died, but she was lucky having an aff­ect­ionate and imaginative father. But this headstrong, clever child lacked chall­enge. As a teen she seemed to be facing a life of cocktail…

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I have examined Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) before. But the Freud of the Rings Exhib­it­ion in 2018-9 in Jerusalem was some­thing new. Curator Morag Wilhelm of the Israel Museum was cat­al­oguing a col­l­ect­ion of rings in the Mus­eum’s reposit­ory and found one donated by Eva Rosen­feld. Wilhelm found that in 1913 Freud presented each member of…

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Znamensky MonasteryJust north of the Mongolian border, Irkutsk was the crossroad of old trade routes, between the Angara and Irkut Rivers. The town was founded around a wooden fort in 1661 and later became the capital of Eastern Sib­eria. Epiphany Cathedral is one of the most expressive sites in town. Originally built in wood in…

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Lektio.   The article is in Finnish.

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Lektio

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