One of the reasons why I like speculative archaeology, or hypothetical archaeologies created in the future of our present, is that is allows us to look at current issues from a different perspective. In particular, I enjoy speculating on how specific iconography and design choices might be interpreted – for many of us, one of…

Lue lisää

In year 11, I read both Atlas Shrugged & The Fountainhead, and found them full of two revolting qualities: 1] selfish individualism and 2] destructive, laissez faire capitalism. Thus I am relying on Jonathan Freedland and others for a more balanced review. Alissa Rosenbaum (1905-82) was born in St Pet­ersburg, the eld­est of 3 children. Alissa was enrolled in…

Lue lisää

Lost Girls: The Invention of the Flapperwritten by Linda SimonPublished 2017Political, cultural and technological factors led to the rise of women’s independence and the flapper era. In WWI women entered the workforce in large numbers, receiving the higher wages that working women would later demand. Just after WWI, the cl­assic flap­per image was that of a…

Lue lisää

The 282-ton brigantine Amazon was built in 1861 in Nova Scot­ia Canada. In Nov 1872, and now called Mary Celeste, the ship sailed from New York Harbour en route to Genoa. It was a merch­ant ship with a tricky past so presumably the name change was to dis­associate itself from a series of mishaps eg the sudden…

Lue lisää

In 1971 Switzerland became one of the last countries in Europe to grant women the vote at national level; only the small neighbouring principality of Liechtenstein was later in doing so, in 1984. It may seem surprising that a country that was an early republic, that became in the 20th...

Lue lisää

Bikur Cholim SynagogueThe Jerusalem Post reported that Izmir is Turkey’s third largest city with c4 million people. Izmir aka Smyrna is the principal seaport of Western Anatolia on the coast of the Aegean Sea. The Jewish community in Izmir goes back to the C4th BC. The city’s oldest district, Kemeralti, was home to the densest…

Lue lisää

Stella Tennant was born (1970-2020) in London, the youngest of 3 children to the Hon Tobias Tennant, son of 2nd Baron Glenconner, and Lady Emma Cavendish. Tennant rose to fame in the 1990s while mod­el­ling for Versace, Al­exander McQueen and other designers. Although she was the grand-daughter of a Duke, Tennant didn’t become one of…

Lue lisää

The first confirmed outbreak of sweating disease arrived in England in 1485, to­w­ards the end of the Wars of the Roses (1455–87). This led to spec­ul­ation that it may have been brought over from France by the French mercenaries used by Henry Tudor to win the English throne. Major ep­idemic waves followed in 1508, then 1517,…

Lue lisää

Thank you to History and Will. When the United States Industrial Alcohol Company/USIA decided to build a huge molasses tank, they put it smack in the mid­dle of Boston’s North End, a community made up largely of Italian immigrants in a densely populated neighbourhood.Pulling victims outSmithsonian21 people were killed on Commercial St in the North…

Lue lisää

New York’s prosperity before the Civil War was closely tied to slav­ery and the Cotton South. But it was only in the southern stat­es, where the economy was based on the plant­at­ion agriculture, that sl­av­ery was legal. Slavery had been ended in the nor­thern states where industrialisation did not require cheap labour. Thus the nor­th­ern…

Lue lisää

Wall St, immediately after the explosionWall St in New York was a global financial centre. In 1920 the stock market thrived and smart business lunches called. At noon on 16th Sept 1920 an ordinary man driving a horse-and-cart drove in, and stopped the animal with its heavy load of dynam­ite and iron weights. He was in…

Lue lisää

The two men shackled together,The Sacco-Vanzetti Affair: America on Trial, 2009by Moshik Tem­kin.Nicola Sacco (1891–1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (1888–1927) arr­iv­ed from It­aly in 1908 and settled in Boston, with its large im­m­igrant community that provided workers for manuf­act­uring ind­ust­r­ies. Sacco from Foggia was a shoe-maker; Van­zetti from Cun­eo sold fish. Each experienced prejudice against impoverished…

Lue lisää

Duke of Westminster and Coco Chanel, 1924I have been very interested in Coco Chanel’s unlikely path in this world, from neglected orphan to world famous designer. Now Anne De Courcy’s newest book Chanel's Riviera has focused on how the designer helped magnetise the Mediterranean playground from Monaco to St Tropez. Chanel’s lover since 1923, Bendor Duke…

Lue lisää

Charles Lindburgh and Amelia EarhartAmelia Earhart (1897-1937) was a Kansan who learned to love fly­ing while attending a Toronto air-show in WWI. She enjoyed flying lessons and set a women’s altitude record of 14,000’ in 1922, but wasn’t yet committed to a flying career. She studied health at Columbia Univ­ersity and then was a social…

Lue lisää

By the early C19th, London had become the world’s largest city. To deal with concerns re preventing crime, Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel introduced the Met­ropolitan Police Act to Parliam­ent 1829. But people were afraid that the new police force would be used by the government to spy on them. So under the Act, the…

Lue lisää

Red Cross medical dispatcher, 1914Red Cross Museum and ArchivesIn 1859, businessman Henry Dunant  from Switzerland was travelling in northern Italy when he witnessed the aftermath of a bloody battle between Franco-Sardinian and Austrian forces near the village of Solferino. The fighting had left c40,000 troops dead or injured, and neither the armies nor the locals were equipped to deal with the…

Lue lisää

This is a guest post by Sherine Hamade with consultations from the Hades beta tester, Cian Sutherland. Sherine Hamade (they/them) is a graduate student studying Public History at the University […]

Lue lisää

City Square There were 3 main cities in the Trans Carpathian region. The Trans-Carpathian town of Uz­hor­od is now located in Western Ukraine. This beautiful city was the central hub for the regional railways system which departed for local provin­ces and to neigh­­­bouring Hungary and Slovenia. Khust is now located in Western Uk­raine, 3rd largest city in the county and…

Lue lisää

Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was the grand­daughter of a British baron­et and the daughter of an influential iron-and-steel dynasty. She was only 3 when her mother died, but she was lucky having an aff­ect­ionate and imaginative father. But this headstrong, clever child lacked chall­enge. As a teen she seemed to be facing a life of cocktail…

Lue lisää

Znamensky MonasteryJust north of the Mongolian border, Irkutsk was the crossroad of old trade routes, between the Angara and Irkut Rivers. The town was founded around a wooden fort in 1661 and later became the capital of Eastern Sib­eria. Epiphany Cathedral is one of the most expressive sites in town. Originally built in wood in…

Lue lisää