Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was the grand­daughter of a British baron­et and the daughter of an influential iron-and-steel dynasty. She was only 3 when her mother died, but she was lucky having an aff­ect­ionate and imaginative father. But this headstrong, clever child lacked chall­enge. As a teen she seemed to be facing a life of cocktail…

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I have examined Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) before. But the Freud of the Rings Exhib­it­ion in 2018-9 in Jerusalem was some­thing new. Curator Morag Wilhelm of the Israel Museum was cat­al­oguing a col­l­ect­ion of rings in the Mus­eum’s reposit­ory and found one donated by Eva Rosen­feld. Wilhelm found that in 1913 Freud presented each member of…

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